Austria


Capital city:

Vienna (1 609 000 inhabitants)

Area:

84 000 km2

Population:

8 075 000 (1)

Population density (/km2):

96

Language:

German

Currency:

1 schilling = 100 groschen / 1 euro = 13,7603 ATS

GDP per capita:

23 338 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

1,4 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

32,3 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

66,3 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

2,0 % (3)

Inflation:

2,0 % (4)

Unemployment:

3,2 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

-5,9 billions euro (1)

Main export markets:

Germany, Italy, Czech Rep., Hungary, France

Main importers:

Germany, Italy, USA, France, Netherlands

Main export products:

hardware, vehicle and transport equipment, base metals

Constitution:

republic, federal state

Head of State:

president Thomas Klestil

Head of Government:

Federal Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Benita Ferrero-Waldner

 

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Belgium

Capital city:

Brussels (953 200 inhabitants)

Area:

31 000 km2

Population:

10 912 000 1

Population density (/km2):

334

Language:

Dutch, French, German 

Currency:

1 Belgian franc = 100 centimes/ 
1 euro = 40.3399 BEF

GDP per capita:

20 449 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

1.2 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

28.8 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

70.0 %  (2)

Economic growth rate:

1.8 % (3)

Inflation:

3.1 % (4)

Unemployment:

8.5 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+ 10.7 billion euro (Belgium and Luxembourg(1)

Main export markets:

Germany, France, Netherlands

Main importers:

Germany, Netherlands, France

Main export products:

chemical products, hardware, vehicle and transport equipment, agricultural goods

Constitution:

monarchy, federal state

Head of State:

King Albert II

Head of Government:

Guy Verhofstadt

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Louis Michel (1) 1998

 

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Denmark

Capital city:

Copenhagen (1 380 000 inhabitants)

Area:

43 000 km2

Population:

5 295 000 1

Population density (/km2):

123 

Language:

Danish

Currency:

1 krona = 100 öre / 1 euro = see the daily exchange rate

GDP per capita:

 29 422 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

3.2 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

27.2 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

69.6 %  (2)

Economic growth rate:

1.7 % (3)

Inflation:

2.8 %  (4)

Unemployment:

4.9 %( 4)

Balance of trade:

+ 1.9 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, Norway, France

Main importers:

Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, United Kingdom, France

Main export products:

hardware, agricultural goods, chemical products

Constitution:

monarchy, unitary state

Head of State:

Queen Margrethe II

Head of Government:

Poul Nyrup Rasmussen

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Mogens Lykketoft

 

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Finland

Capital city:

Helsinki (539 300 inhabitants)

Area:

338 000 km2

Population:

5 147 000 (1)

Population density (/km2):

15

Language:

Finnish, Swedish

Currency:

1 mark = 100 penni / 1 euro = 5.94573 FIM

GDP per capita:

22 303 euro  (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

3.9 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

34.8 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

61.3 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

3.5 % (3)

Inflation:

2.9 % (4)

Unemployment:

9.5 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+9.6 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

Germany, Sweden, Russia

Main importers:

Germany, Sweden, Russia

Main export products:

hardware, paper & pulp, base metal

Constitution:

republic, unitary state

Head of State:

President Tarja Halonen

Head of Government:

Paavo Lipponen

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Erkki Tuomioja

 

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France

Capital city:

Paris (2 100 000 inhabitants)

Area:

544 000 km2

Population:

58 727 000

Population density (/km2):

108

Language:

French

Currency:

1 franc = 100 centimes/ 1 euro = 6.55957 FRF

GDP per capita:

22 092 euro  (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

2.4 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

27.5 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

70.1 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

2.3 %  (3)

Inflation:

2.0 % (4)

Unemployment:

9.6 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+11.5 billion euro(1)

Main export markets:

Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, Spain, USA

Main importers:

Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, Spain, USA

Main export products:

hardware, vehicle and transport equipment, chemical products, agricultural goods

Constitution:

republic, unitary state

Head of State:

President Jacques Chirac 

Head of Government:

Lionel Jospin 

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Hubert Vedrine

 

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Germany

Capital city:

Berlin (3 450 000 inhabitants)

Area:

357 000 km2

Population:

82 057 000 

Population density (/km2):

230

Language:

German

Currency:

1 mark = 100 pfennig / 1 euro = 1.95583 DEM

GDP per capita:

23 420 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

1 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

31.8 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

67.2 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

1.5 % (3)

Inflation:

2.0 % (4)

Unemployment:

8.3 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+69.1 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

France, United Kingdom, USA, Italy, Netherlands

Main importers:

France, Netherlands, USA, Italy, United Kingdom

Main export products:

hardware, vehicle and transport equipment, chemical products

Constitution:

republic, federal state

Head of State:

President Johannes Rau

Head of Government:

Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Joschka Fischer

 

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Greece

Capital city: Athens (3 400 000 inhabitants)
Area: 132 000 km2
Population: 10 511 000 (1)
Population density (/km2): 80
Language: Greek
Currency: drachmer / 1 euro = see the daily exchange rate
GDP per capita: 10 330 euro  (1)
Agriculture, proportion of GDP: 8.1 % (2)
Industry, proportion of GDP: 23.0 % (2)
Services, proportion of GDP: 68.9 % (2)
Economic growth rate: 3.0 % (3)
Inflation: 2.6 %  (4)
Unemployment: 10.7 %( 4)
Balance of trade: -14.8 billion euro(1)
Main export markets: Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, France, USA
Main importers: Italy, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands
Main export products: agricultural goods, textiles, minerals, base metals
Constitution: republic, unitary state
Head of State: President Constantinos Stephanopoulos
Head of Government: Costas Smitis
Minister for Foreign Affairs: Georgios Papandreou

 

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Italy

Capital city:

Rome (2 653 200 inhabitants)

Area:

301 000 km2

Population:

57 563 000 (1)

Population density (/km2):

191

Language:

Italian

Currency:

lire / 1 euro = 1936.27 ITL

GDP per capita:

18 392 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

2.7 %  (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

31.1 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

66.2 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

1 % (3)

Inflation:

2.6 % (4)

Unemployment:

10.5 %  ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+23.1 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

Germany, France, USA, United Kingdom

Main importers:

Germany, France, United Kingdom, Netherlands

Main export products:

hardware, vehicle and transport equipment, textiles

Constitution:

republic, unitary state

Head of State:

President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi

Head of Government:

Silvio Berlusconi

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Renato Ruggiero

 

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Ireland

Capital city:

Dublin (952 700 inhabitants)

Area:

69 000 km2

Population:

3 694 000 (1)

Population density (/km2):

54

Language:

English, Irish

Currency:

1 Irish pound = 100 pence / 1 euro = 0.787564 IEP

GDP per capita:

20 533 euro  (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

4.5 % (2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

40.9 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

54.6 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

 8.1 % (3)

Inflation:

5.9 %  (4)

Unemployment:

4.5 %( 4)

Balance of trade:

+20.7 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

United Kingdom, Germany, USA, France

Main importers:

United Kingdom, USA, Germany, Singapore, France

Main export products:

hardware, chemical products agricultural goods

Constitution:

republic, unitary state

Head of State:

President Mary McAleese

Head of Government:

Bertie Ahern

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Brian Cowen

 

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Luxemburg

Capital city:

Luxembourg (79 500 inhabitants)

Area:

3 000 km2

Population:

424 000

Population density (/km2):

164

Language:

Luxembourg, French, German 

Currency:

1 franc = 100 centimes / 1 euro = 40.3399 LUF

GDP per capita:

38 653 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

Industry, proportion of GDP:

21.1 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

78.9 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

4.2 % (3)

Inflation:

4.7 % (4)

Unemployment:

2.2 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

see Belgium

Main export markets:

Germany, France, Belgium

Main importers:

Belgium, Germany, France

Main export products:

base metals, hardware, plastic and rubber goods

Constitution:

monarchy, unitary state

Head of State:

Grand Duke Henri

Head of Government:

Jean-Claude Juncker

Minister for Foreign Affairs:

Lydie Polfer

 

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The
Netherlands

Capital city:

Amsterdam (715 100 inhabitants), Haag (Seat of Government and Parliament, 442 100 inhabitants)

Area:

41 000 km2

Population:

15 654 000 (1)

Population density (/km2):

382

Language:

Dutch

Currency:

1 gulden = 100 cent / 1 euro = 2.20371 NLG

GDP per capita:

22 338 euro (1)

Agriculture, proportion of GDP:

3.0 %(2)

Industry, proportion of GDP:

28.5 % (2)

Services, proportion of GDP:

 68.5 % (2)

Economic growth rate:

3.2 % (3)

Inflation:

2.8 % (4)

Unemployment:

2.5 % ( 4)

Balance of trade:

+11.4 billion euro (1)

Main export markets:

Germany, Belgium-Luxembourg, United Kingdom, USA, France 

Main importers:

Germany, Belgium-Luxembourg, United Kingdom, USA